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The Research Blog contains summaries of interesting specialist articles, recaps of congress presentations, plus much more on the topics of therapy and training. Please feel free to send us any interesting contributions by e-mail to office@complexcore.at.

Rumpfstabilisation

12/03/2013Gerald Mitterbauer / cc+

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Julie A. Hides (PhD / Head of School, School of Physiotherapy, Brisbane University, Queensland, Australia) gehört zu jener Forschergruppe die sich über viele Jahre mit der Differenzierung von segmentaler, lokaler und globaler Rumpfstabilisation beschäftigt haben.

In dem im Oktober 2011 im „Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy“ publizierten Artikel: „Screening the Lumbopelvic Muscles for a Relationship to Injury of Quadriceps, Hamstings, and Adductor Muscles Among Elite Australian Football League Players“ untersucht die Autorenschaft ob die im MRI diagnostizierten Muskelmasseverhältnisse in den Rumpfmuskeln (Höhe L3-5 / vor und nach der Vorbereitungsphase) einen Zusammenhang mit Verletzungsanfälligkeiten in der Oberschenkelmuskulatur erkennen lassen.

Die an den 47 Elite-Footballern abgeleiteten Ergebnisse zeigten einen signifikanten Zusammenhang zwischen einem verringerten Muskelquerschnitt (vor und nach der Vorbereitungsphase) des Mm.Multifidus und gravierenderen Verletzungen an der Oberschenkelmuskulatur. Erhoben wurden auch die Querschnitte von M.Psoas Major, Mm.Quadratus lumborum und das generelle Anspannungsverhalten der Bauchdecke – all diese Faktoren ergaben keinen nennenswerten Zusammenhang mit den Verletzungszahlen.

Die Untersuchungen lassen den vorsichtigen Schluss zu, dass verringerte Muskelmassenverhältnisse am M.Multifidus ein erhöhtes Verletzungsrisiko für die Oberschenklemuskulatur darstellen.
Zudem verdeutlichen die Messungen die Rolle des Mm.Multifidus als wichtigen Stabilisator und „Kraftverteiler“ der Lumbalen und Beckengürtelregion.

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